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What Is a Scrum Team? – A Comprehensive Guide For 2021

Scrum team (s) are an essential part of Scrum, one of the major methodologies for project management. Here’s everything you need to know about a scrum team...
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    Teams comprise individuals working together to accomplish the same goals, and a scrum team is no different. Each individual in the scrum team plays a dedicated role, adding to the strength of the team. In this article, we will help you understand what is a scrum team.


    Before we jump onto the different roles in a scrum team and their respective responsibilities, we would like to give you a brief intro to Scrum and what it means in the project management world.


    What Is Scrum?




    Scrum takes its name from the scrum in rugby, wherein it indicates the restarting of the play with all the members of a team standing together, heads down, attempting to take possession of the ball.


    In project management, in a similar manner, Scrum implies the organization and distribution of work among team members so as to deliver the best possible results with the highest value.


    The project management framework highlights different ways to help teams manage their workload and accomplish their goals within the stipulated time limit. The methodology strictly relies on constant improvement by helping teams evaluate their performance, analyze their past mistakes, and improve their work strategies for the future.


    What Is a Scrum Team?


    What is a scrum team? A scrum team is a group of individuals with specific roles and responsibilities. Each individual plays a crucial role in the accomplishment of tasks, and all the members work together in harmony to successfully complete a project.


    There are three roles in common in a scrum team; product owner, scrum master, and development team. The whole team works as a single unit to successfully deliver the end product without any hindrances in the process.


    How Does a Scrum Team Work?


    A scrum team typically consists of eight to ten members. No matter the size of the team, it only has one product owner and one scrum master, the rest of the individuals are a part of the development team.


    Before commencing work on a project, the scrum team gets together in a scrum meeting to discuss the details of the project as well as the responsibility of each individual and how their roles will play a significant role in the project.


    The team also decides on the scrum tools it will use as well as the work schedule that will be followed throughout the lifespan of the project. All the team members decide on the definition of done (DOD)and get clarity on the project.


    A unified goal binds all the individuals in a well-knit cloth. Each link in the team has strong communication with the rest of the team and maintains a strict focus on the end goal.


    While working together, a scrum team takes the following into account:

    • Transparency: Each and every individual of the scrum team has a clear understanding of their roles and responsibilities and maintains smooth, hassle-free communication for clarity of focus.
    • Tracking: Since all the members rely on one another, they can perform regular checks on one another to keep up with the progress. By keeping an eye on their performance, they can make sure that all the individuals are on the same page and are working towards the accomplishment of a common goal.
    • Adaptation: Continuous improvement stands at the very core of Scrum. Scrum teams are always on the lookout for betterment in their performance. For that very purpose, they adapt to changes rather quickly and try to optimize the value of the end products.


    Members Of a Scrum Team:


    As we mentioned earlier, there are three main members of a scrum team; product owner, scrum master, and developers. In the forthcoming paragraphs, we will look into the roles and responsibilities of each member of the team.


    1. Product Owner:


    A product owner directs the development of a product. The individual has a deep and thorough understanding of the requirements of the customer and the latest market trends. They aim to deliver high value with their vision of the product.


    The identify and define the key features of the product and communicate the same to the development team. They also keep an eye on the product backlog, making sure that the production process runs smoothly.


    They exercise a certain degree of authority over all the other members of the team. Their expertise and knowledge in the field help develop a product that suits the needs of the customer and offers maximum value.


    Roles And Responsibilities of a Product Owner:

    • Managing the product backlog
    • Make sure that everyone has clarity on the requirements of the project, and all the members are on the same page
    • Makes clever decisions that optimize the value of the product
    • Make sure that the features of the product align with the requirements of the customer
    • Optimize the performance of all the members of the team
    • Make sure that the product backlog is visible and easily understandable for everyone on the team


    2. Scrum Master:


    A Scrum master works as a facilitator, making sure that the team sticks to the schedule and delivers the best possible results without any roadblocks impeding the flow of the process. They are always in search of ways that can help optimize the performance of the team.


    The individual makes sure that everyone on the team follows the guidelines of the scrum framework and adheres to the rules and regulations. They streamline the workflow, helping teams improve their productivity with the right guidance.


    A Scrum Master is also responsible for ensuring that the team is free of internal and external distractions, and is focused on the completion of the goal.


    Roles And Responsibilities of a Scrum Master:

    • Make sure that all the processes run smoothly
    • Get rid of obstacles and distractions
    • Guide the scrum team to work optimally
    • Make sure that the team is motivated at all times
    • Establish a harmonious environment conducive to the smooth working of a team
    • Make sure that product owners and developers communicate effectively
    • Make sure that the team members adhere to the rules and regulations outlined beforehand


    3. Development Team


    The development team is a team of individuals that actually get work done. They are given a certain degree of authority and control by the organization and are responsible for the development of a high-quality product that aligns with the requirements of the customer.


    The team of individuals works in unison, communicating and collaborating efficiently, making sure that the results are achieved successfully. All the members of the team work together for the successful and efficient completion of each sprint in the process.


    The development team is usually comprised of three to nine members. Each member brings a special skill set to the team and adds to the overall productivity and efficiency of the team.


    Roles And Responsibilities of The Development Team:

    • They organize and schedule their work themselves and are not bound in any way
    • Possess all the skills required for the development of the end product
    • No hierarchies in the team. All the members enjoy the same level of power and control
    • No sub-teams
    • All members of the team take equal responsibility for their performance and work collectively
    • Schedule sprint meetings to keep everyone in the loop
    • Make adaptative changes whenever, wherever necessary


    What Makes a Scrum Team Successful?




    The following features of a scrum team make it successful:


    1. Self-organizing:


    Scrum teams are self-organizing. All the members have clearly defined roles, and their contribution to the development of the product is pivotal for the success of the project. The opinions of all the team members are taken into account, and it is made sure that everyone is in harmony with the spirit of the team.


    2. Co-located:


    All the members of a scrum team share a unified platform (co-located) or workspace to make sure communication and collaboration run smoothly, and there are no hiccups in the exchange of information, files, etc.


    3. Focused:


    All the members of the scrum team focus their efforts on a single project at one time. Their undivided attention helps them achieve better results at a much quicker pace.


    4. Cross-functional:


    Since a Scrum team is self-organizing, it possesses all the skills required for the successful development of a product. The individuals bring their specialized skills to the table and contribute to the team in one way or another.


    5.  Small Teams:


    A scrum team contains a limited number of individuals. The small number of people helps make sure that there are no obstacles in communication and collaboration, and everyone is dedicated to their role and responsibilities.


    6. Adhere To Rules and Regulations:


    Scrum teams adhere to the rules and regulations set beforehand. All members strictly follow the rules and regulations of the Scrum project management framework to make sure goals are accomplished on time.


    Check this out: 

    Scrumban Guide for Aspiring Agile Project Managers




    Scrum teams are an essential cogwheel of the Scrum framework. Each member of the team plays a significant role in the process and has something important to add to the team. The smooth functioning of the Scrum team ultimately translates into the development of a high-value product, one that fulfills all the requirements of the customers.


    So, the Scrum team means smooth functioning, delivery of high-value products, increased productivity, and much more. A win through and through!

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